Health Sabz

Effects of Obesity on the Human Body

Obesity and overweight are most significant health issues, and they are causing several health-related ailments, such as heart disease, diabetes, and different kind of cancers.

In case of pregnancy, effects of obesity on the body and child’s health are enormous. This is a fact sheet that is going to discuss the linkage between excess weight and health conditions.

It explains that how normal body weight is fruitful for you to get a long and healthy life. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported that in 78.6 million adults in the US, over 35% adults are obese.

Obesity can Lead to Serious Complications

Obesity can Lead to Serious Complications

“Obesity is a condition when your body absorbs more calories than your need, and you don’t burn extra calories through exercise and physical activity. More than 30% BMI (Body Mass Index) is obesity”

Leading Effects of Obesity on the Body:

Obesity is a condition that negatively affects body organs and decreases the healthy appearance of the body. Most common effects of obesity on the body are listed here, that is evident from research studies.


A popular joint condition (knees, hips and lower back), ‘osteoarthritis’ is attributable to obesity. Due to extra body weight, joints become vulnerable and the cartilage that covers them, worn out.

In a research study 2001, it is reported that there is a relation between obesity and knee osteoarthritis and controlling obesity can help reduce its risk.

According to British Society of Rheumatology, obesity impact in a positive way on the growth of hip osteoarthritis.

This effect of obesity on the body is one of the harmful effects, and it is clear that losing weight will considerably reduce stress from lower back, hips, and knees.

Moreover, it eases body inflammation. Daily physical activity and exercise can aid losing weight and improve joint flexibility.

Respiratory Disorders

Obese people get a reduced capacity of lungs. This causes a high risk for respiratory infections such as asthma etc.

Research reported that asthma is 3-4 times common respiratory issue in obese people. Moreover, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, aspiration pneumonia, and pulmonary embolism are due to severe effects of obesity.

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and exertional dyspnea are attributable to obesity. More than half of those who are a victim of obesity tend to experience obstructive sleep apnea.

This serious breathing disorder attacks in case of excessive fat in throat, neck, tongue that blocks the air pathways while sleeping. Due to blockage, apnea occurs, that means stopping in breathing during sleep.

The affected person may experience interrupted sleep because apnea episodes are likely to happen several time in a night. This issue reduces the oxygen level in blood and leads to high blood pressure, heart failure as well as pulmonary hypertension.

Obstructive sleep apnea can cause stroke and sudden cardiac arrest. Due to disrupted sleep condition, drowsiness and fatigue occur. Increased chances of this disorder may increase the risk of motor vehicle accidents.

Learn More Obesity is Harmful


Effects of obesity go beyond perception.  Overweight people are the victim of many other disorders, and this vulnerability is fatal.

Severe obesity is hazardous, and it is ten times more likely to get type 2 diabetes. This disease can double the death risk, and it can lead to:

  • Heart disease
  • Amputation
  • Stroke
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Blindness
  • Hard to heal infections
  • Impotence
  • Circulatory & Nerve Defects

Psychosocial Effects

In a culture, where idea body structure is overly thin, and this attractiveness is only based on smartness, obese people experience many psychological issues.

Overweight persons often complain about their figure, blame for their condition and considered weak-willed or lazy.

The fact is not uncommon that obese conditions relate to a person with low income or no relation involvement. No place for overweight or disapproval of fat people often elaborated by individuals may move to discrimination, bias, and even torment.

Metabolic Syndrome

According to National Cholesterol Education Program, metabolic syndrome is a high-risk factor that contributes to cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome has six main components:

  • Abdominal obesity
  • Elevated Blood Pressure
  • Elevated Blood Cholesterol
  • Elevation of blood components that results in inflammation
  • Glucose intolerance and insulin resistance
  • Blood clotting

These factors are fatal, and in the US, approximately one-third of obese people are detected with metabolic syndrome.

Cerebrovascular Disease

Due to severe effects of obesity on the body, internal systems experience disturbance. The circulatory system feels a strain due to obesity, and it is a leading cause of stoke. There are certain stroke risk factors such as lipid abnormalities and hypertension.

Learn More Why is Obesity a Health Risk?

Miscellaneous Effects of Obesity

Effects of obesity on the body condition occur in variety. Besides these particular effects of obesity, many another include Alzheimer’s disease–middle age obesity and dementia—kidney disease, and suicide, i.e. major depressive disorder.

Septicemia is an infection, occur in severe obesity can lead to septic shock and death. Obesity is also responsible for the fatty liver disease, i.e. liver scarring and cirrhosis.

During pregnancy, preeclampsia is dangerous, and maternal gestational diabetes can lead to miscarriages.  

Stress urinary incontinence, infertility and polycystic ovarian syndrome are some worse effects of obesity that diminish the quality of life.

Treatment of disorders is difficult, but prevention is easy. A balanced diet may help to live healthy and happy.

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