Health Sabz

How To Avoid Keto Diet Dehydration

The keto diet is a low-carb, high-fat diet that has become increasingly popular in recent years. While the keto diet can have many benefits, it is important to be aware of the potential side effects, including dehydration.

Importance of Electrolytes on Keto 

When following a keto diet, it’s critical to maintain electrolytes balanced as your body transitions from a sugar to a fat burner. Because most people are unaware of what they require, this article deconstructs electrolytes and explains what is required.

If you’re on a keto diet, you could notice that you’re deficient in vital electrolytes like magnesium, potassium, and salt.

Because you’re not eating as much sugar and carbs, your body produces less insulin, which depletes glycogen stores.

As this process begins, you should see a greater reduction of weight in the first week as your body releases water weight. 

When you eat a conventional American diet, your body keeps salt, however when you eat keto, your body loses sodium.

Electrolytes can help with things like the Keto flu and salt deficiency. You’ll also notice that some electrolytes, such as magnesium and potassium, are deficient in your diet.

keto diet dehydration

Maintain Balanced Nutrition

What are Electrolytes?

Electrolytes are minerals in our bodies that are derived from foods and drinks and are responsible for normal body function.

They may wreak havoc on our bodies and make us feel icky when they are out of balance.

Electrolytes have a variety of roles in the body, including:

  • Keeping a proper fluid balance
  • Facilitating the smooth operation of involuntary muscles (this includes keeping your heart beating and digestive tract moving)
  • Nerve impulse transmission
  • Acid/base balance (also known as pH balance) is the process of balancing the pH level of the body.
  • Getting nutrients into cells and getting waste out is a two-step process.

Most of these minerals, including calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, chloride, and phosphate, are probably familiar to you but you may not realize they are electrolytes.

Each of these electrolytes must remain within a certain range in order for your body to work at its best.

keto diet dehydration

Measure your intakes

Concentrations that are too high or too low can have negative consequences.

Too high or too low concentrations might make you feel sluggish, cause headaches, and cause other more significant health concerns.

Your food, any medications you may be taking, your kidney function, and any fluid losses you may be experiencing (ex. sweating after an exercise, vomiting when you’re sick, diarrhea, etc.) all influence your body’s electrolyte balance

 Signs of Electrolyte Imbalance

The keto diet alters the body’s metabolism dramatically. The switch from burning carbs to fat for energy is the characteristic of ketosis, and it’s why so many people report weight loss, more energy, and improved cognitive function.

However, the initial weight loss isn’t all fat; in fact, due to changes in fluid balance, much of it is water.

  • Problems with Blood Pressure
  • Muscle spasms
  • Palpitations in the heart
  • Fatigue
  • Fatigue
  • Fog in the head
  • Headaches
  • Constipation
  • Restlessness
  • Irritability
  • Nausea
  • Trouble Sleeping

Sodium, potassium, and magnesium are important electrolytes for Keto.


In a typical American diet, processed foods and restaurant foods contain the most sodium. So it’s no surprise that on a keto diet, where most highly processed foods are avoided and restaurant options are limited, sodium intake is naturally lowered.

Role of sodium

Sodium is required for appropriate cell function, fluid equilibrium, and nerve impulse transmission and is hence vital for human health.

Required quantity 

Normal sodium consumption for healthy people who aren’t on a low-carb diet is less than 2300 mg per day. On a keto diet, salt intake should be increased to 3-5 grams per day.

Reasons of intaking sodium

Hyponatremia is a fancy phrase meaning low blood sodium, and it’s a potentially fatal illness. The following are some indicators of a sodium deficiency

  • Salty cravings
  • Headache
  • Muscle deterioration
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness

Stop taking sodium if

  • Thirst That Doesn’t Go Away
  • Swelling/Puffiness
  • Food has a dull flavor.
  • Blood pressure that is too high

Foods That Are sodium-Friendly

Table salt is a sodium chloride combination. 2300 mg are contained in one teaspoon (about the size of a thumbnail).

Broth, unsweetened coconut water, low carb condiments like hot sauce and salad dressing, pickles, olives, salted snacks like nuts, seeds, and kale chips, jerky (search for wild raised/caught and nitrate free), cheese, and snacks with cheese are some other keto-friendly sodium sources.


The majority of potassium is found within the cell. Consider potassium to be an effective bouncer at your favorite concert; its main function in maintaining good health is to keep nutrients in and waste products out of the cell.

But potassium’s role isn’t limited to that; it also keeps the heartbeat regular and counteracts the effects of too much sodium in the diet.

Required quantity 

Potassium requirements differ by age, gender, and life stage. Pregnant and nursing women, for example, have different demands than women of the same age.

Every day, healthy adults require roughly 2600 mg (women) – 3400 mg (men).

Even when eating potassium-rich meals and taking potassium supplements, the majority of people in the United States do not obtain enough potassium. 

Reason of intaking potassium

Hypokalemia is a fancy phrase for low potassium. The symptoms are moderate at first, but if not treated, they can escalate to more serious problems.

  • Blood pressure has risen
  • Muscle spasms
  • Constipation
  • Muscle deterioration
  • Fatigue

Stop intaking potassium if

  • Bad kidneys

Excess dietary potassium is usually not a concern in healthy persons with good renal function because the kidneys perform an excellent job of filtering it out.

Foods That Are potassium-Friendly

Potassium can be found in a variety of foods, including non-starchy, low-carb vegetables, nuts, seeds and animal protein like chicken, beef and fish.

keto diet dehydration

keto diet dehydration



Magnesium is necessary for normal nerve and muscle function, immune system function, strong bones, and blood sugar and blood pressure control.

Required quantity

Magnesium requirements change with age and stage of life. Healthy individuals require between 310 mg (females) and 420 mg (males) of calcium each day (males).

Reasons of magnesium intake

Magnesium deficiency in healthy persons is quite uncommon. Those with malabsorption, type II diabetes, and elderly persons are more likely to be deficient.

Low magnesium symptoms are minor at first, but they become more severe as the deficit progresses, and they can be dangerous.

  • Muscle spasms
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle deterioration
  • Sleeplessness
  • Nausea
  • Appetite loss.
  • Tingling and numbness

Avoid magnesium if 

In healthy people, too much magnesium from food sources is unlikely because the kidneys can filter out excess magnesium. Too much magnesium in supplements can cause digestive problems such as cramping, gas, and diarrhea.

Supplemental doses that are too high might cause dangerous side effects such as erratic pulse, trouble breathing, and low blood pressure.

Foods That Are magnesium-Friendly

Avocados, nuts, seeds, cacao powder, and tofu are the greatest low carb magnesium foods

Sources of Electrolytes during keto diet

Electrolytes are good in a keto diet. If you’re thinking about going keto or have been on it for a while, you’re probably used to being picky about what you eat and drink. Electrolytes are still another consideration.

The following are the important points:

Stay hydrated

Electrolyte imbalances are caused by drinking too little or too much water. Dehydration occur due to electrolyte abnormalities.

The amount of water you should drink is determined by your body size, the present weather, and how active you are.

Increase the amount of salt in your diet

Adding salt to your diet is the simplest way to increase your sodium intake. Around 2,400 milligrammes of sodium are contained in just 6 grammes of salt.

But be careful: too much salt can create difficulties such as dehydration in the near term and long-term issues such as elevated blood pressure.

Eat meals that are high in potassium.

Potassium is a bigger concern than salt, and Americans eat less potassium than they need. Avocado is the best source of potassium, with 975 mg per fruit, and is good with raw spinach, chicken breast, tomatoes, broccoli, and asparagus.

Make it a point to include a variety of these items in your keto diet.

Consume foods that are high in magnesium.

If you want to acquire enough magnesium in your diet, it’s not just about what you eat, but also about the quality of what you eat. Food produced by modern farming methods tends to be lower in this electrolyte than food produced previously.

So, if at all possible, think organic. Almonds, spinach, peanut butter, plain yoghurt, and salmon are the foods with the highest magnesium content.

Electrolyte supplements 

Supplements are a quick and easy way to replenish electrolytes. For your keto diet, you’ll want to look for sugar-free options. 

Electrolyte supplements can be beneficial to you.


What is a good electrolyte drink for Keto?

Ultima Replenisher – This choice has at least six electrolytes and no artificial flavors or sweeteners. You also get phosphorus, zinc, manganese, and chloride, as well as an injection of vitamin C, in addition to potassium, magnesium, and calcium. 

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