Being overweight is problematic. It is a preventable illness. In North America, obesity is the leading cause of disease. It has been increased in industrialized countries. According to World Health Organization, obesity is epidemic. In the US, more than 69% population is obese or overweight. In Canada, 27% of women and 40% men are overweight, while 17% of women and 20% of men are fat.
Obese people are at high risk of health complications such as heart attack, blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, cancers and gallbladder issues. Doctors recommend weekly checkup to know body weight. Once you carry few extra pounds of weight, your body will develop specific symptoms that can impact daily life. Here, you will get to know obesity causes and symptoms that can significantly help you monitor your body.
A state, when body acquires more calories than it burns. A few years back, people were of the view that obesity occurs only due to overeating and sedentary habits. Hence body loses self-power and control. Indeed these factors are contributory, but doctors recognize many complex factors that cause obesity such as genetic factors, behavioral, environmental and social. These roles are inherent to determine the weight of an individual.
Genetic factors are responsible for changing the appetite hence modified fat metabolism. For instance, a person who is genetically prone to gain more weight is at higher risk of getting unhealthy lifestyle and being inactive. Genetic makeup of a person is not the only primary cause, behavioral and environmental factors play a stronger role. Consuming high-fat foods and zero physical activity, in the long run, contributes to weight gain. Psychological factors such as guilt, lower self-esteem, trauma and emotional stress cause overeating. The medical conditions such as Cushing disease, Binge Eating Disorder, and Polycystic ovary syndrome are responsible for obesity and overweight.
Certain medications like antidepressants cause weight gain. Hypothyroidism, a condition related to the thyroid gland, can also lead to obesity.
Obesity is a serious health concern. At the start, people do not care about being overweight and consider that carrying extra kilograms will not be an issue. However, this perception is wrong, and the heightened state of weight gain causes more inactive lifestyle. The day to day health problems attributed to obesity are:
- Increased sweating
- Sleep issues (sleep apnea)
- Mismanagement with physical activity
- Feeling much tiredness
- Lower self-esteem
- Less confidence level
- Back and joint pain
- High blood pressure
Obese people are the victim of these symptoms. If these symptoms go unnoticed, serious health issues will arise. For instance, high blood pressure and accumulation of high cholesterol significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, stroke and coronary heart issues. The crucial long-term problem of obesity is type 2 diabetes. It causes a lot of thirst, frequent urge to urinate and tiredness.
Obesity causes and symptoms are clear if ignored for a specified period; they can cause serious medical complications. Doctors recommend the diagnosis of obesity, if above symptoms are present in an individual, through measuring Body Mass Index.
Who is at High Risk?
Anyone with symptoms mentioned above is at high risk. Obesity is treated and managed to decrease health risks so that quality of life will improve. Ideal weight management programs such as healthy diet, regular physical activity and exercise are critical. In some cases, psychological counseling may work. Losing weight is challenging. One can maintain it by pursuing a balanced diet. Crash and fad diets do not often work, yet prove dangerous. A minimum amount of energy is required for the body to function correctly; therefore, fasting is not the appreciated idea.